Tag Archives: Health

Dust and Death: Evidence from the West African Harmattan

Environmental events can have profound health-related, social, and economic impacts. These have the potential to be particularly salient in poorer countries, where individuals have fewer strategies available for coping or adapting to shocks. A new paper by Adhvaryu et al … Continue reading

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Fetal Origins of Mental Health: Evidence from Africa

Authors: Achyuta Adhvaryu, James Fenske, Namrata Kala and Anant Nyshadham Mental health disorders are estimated to make up 13% of the global disease burden (Collins et al., 2011). Poor countries experience the greatest losses, as the vast majority of mentally … Continue reading

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The economy wide impact of HIV/AIDS and the funding dilemma in Africa: Evidence from a dynamic life cycle horizon of Uganda

Despite remaining a major killer in Africa, the HIV pandemic has been tamed medically into a chronic disease through advances in treatment drugs – antiretroviral therapies (ARTs). However, the full economic costs, over a lifecycle horizon, of keeping people on … Continue reading

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Universal access to HIV treatment: fiscal sustainability and incentives.

Before the advent of anti-retroviral therapies in the nineties, being infected by the HIV virus was equivalent to a death sentence. Now, thanks to remarkable advances in medical research, people who are HIV+ have the possibility to considerably increase their … Continue reading

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The height production function from birth to maturity

Starting in the 1970s, anthropometric measures have increasingly been used in the social sciences as indicators of social well-being. Since then, adult height has been considered an indicator of the general health status in life, of the relative risk of … Continue reading

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Early life circumstances affect later-life mental health in Ghana

The economic losses due to mental health disorders in low-income countries are staggeringly large. Depression alone generates an estimated loss of 55.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in low- and middle-income countries. That number is less than a fifth as … Continue reading

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Fungibility and off-budget aid

If you’ve been following development blogs for a few years, you probably remember The Great Fungibility Debate of 2010 that was sparked by a paper in the Lancet written by researchers at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. To … Continue reading

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